Crop Improvement involves in the engineering of plants done for the benefit of humanity. It can be achieved by three steps- Selection, Isolation and Breeding. By selecting and isolating plants for cultivation, the early farmers were in essence influencing which plants would cross-pollinate. Breeding was done in such a way that two plants are selected and they are crossed to produce offspring having the desired traits of both parents. Gene editing is the insertion, deletion or replacement of DNA at a specific site in the genome of an organism or cell which can be done with the help of molecular scissors. Genetically Modified crops have been developed to resist abiotic stresses, such as extreme temperature, drought or salinity, and biotic stresses, such as pathogens, insects etc. and to increase the crop yield.
- Track 1-1 Transgenic technology
- Track 2-2 Gene Editing
- Track 3-3 Analysis of Crop Performance
- Track 4-4 Genetically Modified Crops
- Track 5-5 Ethical and Safety Concerns